Food safety tips - interactive guide

Safe Food Handling in the Kitchen

Practicing safe food handling in the kitchen can help prevent foodborne illness.

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Scrubbing brush

Use a vegetable scrub brush on produce that have firm skin, such as carrots, potatoes, melons and squash.


Wash countertops with warm soapy water after preparing each food item.

Cutting board

Cut and prepare raw meat, fish and poultry on a separate cutting board from that used to cut ready to eat vegetables, fruit or other foods.

Food guide

For more information on Canada's Food Guide, click here.

Reusable grocery bag

Wash your reusable grocery bags frequently, especially if you are carrying raw meat, poultry, fish or seafood.

Raw meat

Never leave raw meat, poultry, fish, seafood or leftovers out on the counter for longer than two hours.

Meat Thermometer

Remove the food from the heat and insert the digital food thermometer through the thickest part of the meat, all the way to the middle. Thermometer must not be touching any bones.


Food that has been defrosted in the microwave should be cooked immediately after thawing.


Avoid consuming any raw or lightly cooked eggs or egg products such as cookie dough or cake batter.


Always place cooked food on a clean plate. Do not use the same plates for raw and cooked meat, poultry, fish or seafood because cross-contamination can occur and this can cause foodborne illness.


Bring gravies, soups and sauces to a full, rolling boil and stir during the process.


Wash your hands with warm soapy water for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food, using the washroom and changing diapers.

Cleaning spray

Properly cleaning kitchen surfaces will help eliminate bacteria and reduce your risk of foodborne illness. For added protection, use a bleach solution to sanitize. Mix 5 ml (1 tsp) of household bleach to 750 ml (3 cups) of water in a labelled spray bottle.


Always remember to cook raw meat, poultry and seafood to a safe internal temperature to avoid foodborne illness.

Paper towels

Consider using paper towels to clean up kitchen surfaces. If you use cloth towels, wash them often in the hot cycle of your washing machine.

Cooking utensils

If you've used utensils to handle raw food, don't use them again until you've cleaned them thoroughly in the dishwasher or in warm, soapy water.

Fresh vegetables

Wash fresh fruits and vegetables under cool, running drinkable water, before eating them or cooking them.

Temperature Guide

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